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Design Science Research Paradigm in Information Systems

Seminar

SS / 2009

host:

Roman Beck, Jan Muntermann

supervisors:

prerequisites:

Dies ist ein Seminar im Rahmen des Doktorandenstudiums, sodass keine Kreditpunkte vergeben werden!
This seminar is part of the PhD Students program, therefore credit points for undergraduate students are not available!

notice:

The blocked seminar will take place on three days (from June 25th to June 27th 2009)

This is an early announcement. Further details will follow as soon as possible.

Dates
Registration deadline: May 18th, 2009

Short paper deadline: June 14th, 2009

Seminar: June 25-27th, 2009

Location: Lecture room Madrid

content of teaching:

Nature and Purpose of Course

The course is open for Ph.D. students who have to apply for the seminar until May 18th 2009 by. Each student will receive a doctoral seminar certificate ("Grosser Schein") in case of successful completion of this seminar (no credit points).

Design Science seeks to extend the boundaries the boundaries of human and organizational ca-pabilities to create new and innovative IT artifacts. In the design science paradigm, knowledge and understanding of a problem domain and it solution are achieved in the building and application of the designed artifact. The purpose of this seminar is to give the participants clear guidelines for understanding, executing and evaluating design science research.

Course Readings

The seminar will be updated with the very newest literature on Design Science in IT including the 4th DESRIST Conference to be held in Philadelphia in May 2009, as well as the recent Design Science theme issues of MIS Quarterly, European Journal of Information Systems, and Scandina-vian Journal of IS.

Course Requirements

It is required to attend all sessions and to prepare several homework assignments.

For the successful completion it is necessary to:

1) write a paper based on the assigned topic. Here, the students will explore examples of recently published design science research and illustrate the papers’ research approach and contribution.

2) provide a 25 minutes presentation including a handout for the course participants. Here, the students present the major findings of the assigned topic to the audience. The presentation should cover
- Summary & key point(s)
- research question answered
- perspective on design science research
- What is this paper useful for?
- 2-3 points for discussion in class

3) prepare an assigned session. Here, the students have to conduct a literature review prior to the seminar an present the results of their research.

4) acting as discussant for assigned session. Here, every student has to prepare comments on session topic and acts as discussant for the presenters.

Session Overview

Time

Topic

Readings

Thursday 25 June 2009

9:00

Introduction and overview of the PhD Course

Prof. Dr. Roman Beck, Prof. Dr. Jan Muntermann

Prof. Richard Baskerville (RB) + Prof. Jan Pries-Heje (JPH)

9:20

1. Generative Design:

The seminar discovers the basic notion of design as one form of human invention and innovation. We consider the eduction of theory from design practice, and design science as a research paradigm.

(RB)

(Sutton & Staw, 1995)

(Iivari, 2007)

(Winter, 2008)

10:30

Coffee Break


10:45

Discussion: Generative Design

(JPH)

Session co-chair: Christian Kahl

(Cooper, 2000)

(Swan et al., 2000)
PhD student:
Sven Laumer


11:30

2. The Relationship Between Design and Research:

The seminar explores how design draws on knowledge and produces knowledge. This includes research about design and design as research. Design as research can be for practical design purposes, for purposes of building scientific knowledge, or both. We distinguish between design science and design research

(JPH)

Session co-chair: Markus Tschersich

(Hevner & March, 2003)

(Hevner et al., 2004)

(van Aken, 2004)
PhD student:
Frank Zickert

12:30

Lunch


13:30

3. Design Science:

The seminar explores Simon´s science of the artificial, i.e., the science of design. This includes scientific research about design, designing with scientific research, and the notion of "scientific" design as a similar metaphor to "scientific" management.

(RB)

(Simon, 1996)

(Walls et al., 2004)

(Hooker, 2004)

14:30

Discussion of The Object of Design: Researching The IT Artifact

(RB)

Session co-chair: Sven Weber

(Orlikowski & Iacono, 2001) PhD student:
Daniel Maroslavac


15:00

Coffee Break


15:15

Discussion: Design Science

(JPH)

Session co-chair: Sven Laumer

(Markus et al., 2002)
PhD student:
Jens Vykoukal

16:00

10. Exemplars

The seminar reviews published design science research exemplars from leading journals (JPH)

(Kuechler & Vaishnavi, 2008)

(Pries-Heje & Baskerville, 2008)

17.00

Conclusion of Day 1


Friday 26 June 2009

8:30

Welcome

Dr. Roman Beck


8:45

4. Participatory Design:

Building on Scandinavian work, the seminar explores views of sociotechnical research about design, and designing with sociotechnical research.(JPH)

(Simonsen & Kensing, 1997)

(Kensing & Blomberg, 1998)

9:30

Discussion (Participatory Design)

(RB)

Session co-chair: Daniel Maroslavac

(Baskerville & Stage, 2001)
PhD student:
Martin Wolf

10:00

Coffee Break


10:15

5. Episodic Design Research:

Collocating European and reference concepts from architecture, the seminar explores design research methodology. Included are episodic models for design research that span design as analysis and evaluation, design as action research, design as a learned skill, and design in collaboration. This session positions four forms of design research: Field experiments, design as action research, systems design research, and pure episodic design research.

(RB)

Session (Christian Kahl) co-chair: Frank Zickert
Session (Markus Tschersich) co-chair: Nadine Blinn

(Goldkuhl, 2004)
PhD student:
Christian Kahl

(Albert et al., 2004)
PhD student:
Markus Tschersich

12:00

6. Design research. Field Experiments:

Discussion Session on Field Experiments as Design Research: Shifting to positivist views of design research, the seminar collocates basic concepts of a positivist view and design activity. Using experimental models for the development of "scientific knowledge" in design research.

(RB)

Session co-chair: Robert Gregory

(March & Smith, 1995)
PhD student:
Nadine Blinn

(Hunton & Beeler, 1997)

12.30

Lunch


13:30

7. Design research: Action research:

Discussion Session on Action Research as Design Research: Aside from existing action research that may qualify under definitions of design research, how is design research distinguished from action research?

(RB)

Session co-chair: Jens Vykoukal

(Baskerville et al., 2009)

(Järvinen, 2007)
PhD student:
Robert Gregory

(Kohli & Kettinger, 2004)

14:15

8. Design research: Systems Design

Discussion Session on Systems Design as Design Research: With a particular reference to information systems, the seminar will explore the relationship between design research, systems development methodology and software engineering research.

(JPH)

Session co-chair: Martin Wolf

(Gregg et al., 2001)
PhD student:
Sven Weber

(Carroll & Kellogg, 1989)

15:00

Coffee Break


15:15

9. Pure Episodic Design Research

Discussion Session on Pure Episodic Design Research: We explore the research done by designers for practical outcomes purposes. While not necessarily aimed at producing new scientific knowledge, this activity is often conflated with design research.

(Aaen, 2008)

(Schirmer, 2003)


16.30

Conclusion of Day 1


Saturday 27 June 2008

09:00

Discussion

On Internet Resources on 1st Day Session


All Students


11:00

Current and Future Topics


11.30

Lunch & Get Together




Readings

Aaen, I. (2008). Essence: facilitating software innovation. European Journal of Information Systems, 17(5), 543-553.

Albert, T. C., Goes, P. B., & Gupta, A. (2004). Gist: a Model for Design and Management of Content and Interactivity of Customer-Centric Web Sites. MIS Quarterly, 28(2), 161-182.

Baskerville, R., Pries-Heje, J., & Venable, J. (2009). Soft Design Science Methodology Paper presented at the Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology DESRIST 2009, Philadelphia, Pa.

Baskerville, R., & Stage, J. (2001). Accommodating emergent work practices: Ethnographic choice of method fragments. In B. FitzGerald, N. Russo & J. DeGross (Eds.), Realigning Research and Practice in IS Development: The Social and Organisational Perspective (pp. 12-28). New York: Kluwer.

Carroll, J. M., & Kellogg, W. A. (1989). Artifact as theory-nexus: hermeneutics meets theory-based design. CM SIGCHI Bulletin--Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems: Wings for the mind, 20(SI), 7-14.

Cooper, R. B. (2000). Information technology development creativity: A case study of attempted radical change. MIS Quarterly, 24(2), 245-275.

Gericke, A., Fill, H.-G., Karagiannis, D., & Winter, R. (2009). Situational Method Engineering for Governance, Risk and Compliance Information Systems Paper presented at the Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology DESRIST 2009, Philadelphia, Pa.

Goldkuhl, G. (2004). Design Theories in Information Systems - a Need for Multi-Grounding. JITTA : Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, 6(2), 59-72.

Gregg, D. G., Kulkarni, U. R., & Vinze, A. S. (2001). Understanding the Philosophical Underpinnings of Software Engineering Research in Information Systems. Information Systems Frontiers, 3(2), 169-183.

Hevner, A. R., & March, S. T. (2003). The information systems research cycle. Computer, 36(11), 111-113.

Hevner, A. R., March, S. T., Park, J., & Ram, S. (2004). Design Science In Information Systems Research. MIS Quarterly, 28(1), 75-105.

Hooker, J. N. (2004). Is design theory possible? Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, 5(2), 73-82.

Hunton, J. E., & Beeler, J. D. (1997). Effects of user participation in systems development: A longitudinal field experiment. MIS Quarterly, 21(4), 359-388.

Iivari, J. (2007). A paradigmatic analysis of Information Systems as a design science. Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, 19(2), 39-63.

Järvinen, P. (2007). Action Research is Similar to Design Science Quality and Quantity 41(1), 37-54.

Kensing, F., & Blomberg, J. (1998). Participatory Design: Issues and Concerns. Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 7(3-4), 167-185.

Kohli, R., & Kettinger, W. J. (2004). Informating the clan: Controlling Physicians´ costs and outcomes. MIS Quarterly, 28(3), 363-394.

Kuechler, B., & Vaishnavi, V. (2008). On theory development in design science research: anatomy of a research project. European Journal of Information Systems, 17(5).

Leimeister, J. M., & Krcmar, H. (2005). Evaluation of a systematic design for a virtual patient community. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 10(4), article 6.

March, S. T., & Smith, G. F. (1995). Design and natural science research on information technology. Decision Support Systems, 15(4), 251-266.

Markus, M. L., Majchrzak, A., & Gasser, L. (2002). A design theory for systems that support emergent knowledge processes. MIS Quarterly, 26(3), 179-212.

Niehaves, B. (2007). On Episemological Diversity in Design Science: New Vistas for a Design-Oriented IS Research? Paper presented at the International Conference on Information Systems ICIS 2007 Proceedings.

Orlikowski, W. J., & Iacono, C. S. (2001). Research commentary: Desperately seeking "IT" in IT research - A call to theorizing the IT artifact. Information Systems Research, 12(2), 121-134.

Pries-Heje, J., & Baskerville, R. (2008). The design theory nexus. MIS Quarterly, 32(4), 731-755.

Schirmer, A. L. (2003). Privacy and knowledge management: Challenges in the design of the Lotus Discovery Server. IBM Systems Journal, 42(3), 519-531.

Simon, H. A. (1996). The Science of Design: Creating the Artificial. In The Sciences of the Artificial (3rd ed., pp. 111-138). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Simonsen, J., & Kensing, F. (1997). Using ethnography in contextual design. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 40(7), 82-88.

Sutton, R. I., & Staw, B. M. (1995). What theory is not. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40(3), 371-384.

Swan, J., Newell, S., & Robertson, M. (2000). The diffusion, design and social shaping of production management information systems in Europe. Information Technology & People, 13(1), 27-45.

van Aken, J. E. (2004). Management Research Based on the Paradigm of the Design Sciences: The Quest for Field-Tested and Grounded Technological Rules. The Journal of Management Studies, 41(2), 219-246.

Walls, J. G., Widmeyer, G. R., & El Sawy, O. A. (2004). Assessing Information System Design Theory in Perspective: How Useful Was Our 1992 Initial Rendition? JITTA : Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, 6(2), 43-58.

Winter, R. (2008). Design science research in Europe. European Journal of Information Systems, 17(5), 470-475.

max. participants: 12 (0 remaining)
registrations: 12
credits: 0
Studienabschnitt: Doktorandenstudium
registration required: ja: to registration form

 

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